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[Pulsating electromagnetic fields in treatment of injuries and illnesses of the locomotor system--an overview and meta-analysis]

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AIM: Recently, pulsating electromagnetic fields have gained wide attraction in the treatment of various orthopaedic diseases. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the scientific evidence for the effectiveness of this therapeutic tool. METHOD: All clinical studies which deal with pulsating electromagnetic fields in the treatment of orthopaedic conditions are reviewed. To elucidate the physiological basis of the method, important experimental studies are considered. RESULTS: 37 clinical studies with 3379 patients are evaluated, of which only a minority were performed as prospective studies with control groups. The results of the studies, performed on patients with various orthopaedic conditions, are not unequivocal and partly inconsistent. In view of the physiological basis many questions remain unanswered. CONCLUSIONS: At present the use of pulsating electromagnetic fields in the treatment of orthopaedic diseases is not scientifically proven.

Author:

Schmidt-Rohlfing, B. and Silny, J. and Niethard, F. U.

Year:

2000

Volume:

138

Pages:

379-89--

Keywords:

Clinical Trials as Topic *Electromagnetic Fields Humans Musculoskeletal Diseases/*therapy Musculoskeletal System/*injuries Treatment Outcome

Comment:

Schmidt-Rohlfing, B Silny, J Niethard, F U English Abstract Meta-Analysis Germany Zeitschrift fur Orthopadie und ihre Grenzgebiete Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. 2000 Sep-Oct;138(5):379-89.

Address:

Orthopadische Universitatsklinik, RWTH Aachen.

Book title:

Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb

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